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Oil Shale: Research on Oil Shale

Core Scientific/Technical Works

Research on oil shale and technologies covers a range of interdisciplinary areas. Depending on your interests, you may want to focus on energy, extraction technologies, public policy, environment or other areas. The databases below include scientific/technical aspects of oil shale development.

Find Works on Policy, Social Impacts, History

Google Scholar Search

Google Scholar Search

How to Evaluate Sources

What kind of information do you need?  If you are writing for a class assignment, you may be required to use peer-reviewed ("refereed") or scholarly sources.  In any case, you should always look for sources that are authoritative.

Scholarly Checklist--Look for:

  • Authors listed, with credentials
  • Bibliography, references, or works cited and data (statistics, figures) to support conclusions
  • Reviewed by peers or experts in the subject
  • Published by a reputable publisher
  • Purpose is to impart knowledge, not to sell, persuade, entertain


Authoritative--A source can have authority even if it isn't scholarly.

  • Author and/or publisher is an expert on the subject
  • Author's affiliations and contact information are available
  • Publisher or sponsoring organization is reputable (e.g., for websites, look for the domain; .gov or .edu sites are more likely to contain unbiased information)
  • Cites scholarly or high-quality sources in references list/bibliography


Other Criteria-- these are not definitive, but worthy of consideration:

  • Do you see errors in spelling, grammar, data?
  • Is the publication in turn cited by other credible works published later?
  • How current is the information (no date? be suspicious)?